For first-timers, setting up a tropical fish can be a hard nut to crack, and you will need to check the tropical fish tank equipment is set up correctly and adequately installed, before you add your new fish into the tank.
Usually, you are about to own a new tropical fish tank. A newbie must understand the equipment and materials that are fundamental to a tropical aquarium.
Equipment for Fish Tank
A siphon is essential to get rid of water from the aquarium immediately. The bucket and the siphon are used to return fresh water to the fish tank so that the fish will not get wounded or stressed.
A sponge filter or canister filter is essential to facilitate biological filtration in other to break down the fish waste.
Lights and hood
Lights help prevent excess heat loss and evaporation and stops the fish from jumping out of the fish tank. A good hat will seal the container effectively.
The thermometer is essential because it ensures that the water is at the right temperature for the healthy growth of the fish.
The filter you choose should be rated to turn over 3-5 times the fish tank volume each hour.
Replacement filter media
Ensure that you have many replacement filter cartridges. These cartridges will be replaced relatively more during the initial stages of the fish tank.
Undeniably, you also need to bear in mind what your tank inhabitants will consume to survive.
When getting fish food, any beginner should ensure they ONLY get quality food as this will result in brightly colored, vibrant fish.
Typically, fish should feed at least two times a day, and therefore the best option is to buy the food in bulk to enjoy the best value. What’s more, you can mix frozen food and color enhancing flakes to have more variety.
The gravel here serves three primary purposes. First, it serves as a decoration, which makes the tank look beautiful. Secondly, if you are using a UGF, gravel is essential as it is the filter media, that is, the surface area on which bacterial attach.
Thirdly, in-plant tanks, gravel serves as a substrate example of dirt for plant roots. The choice of color, size, etc. is up to you.
However, you should be aware that darker gravel highlights a fish’s colors better. Fish tend to adjust their colors to match that of their surroundings, and light gravel can wash out a fish’s actual colors.
Most of the gravel sold in aquariums are plastic coated. For obvious reasons, you should not boil it. It is also costly, about $1 a pound. Gravel purchased for much less at patio stores like Walmart, Home Quarters, local sand and gravel suppliers. However, it usually tends to be larger than ideal and often light example marble chips. Sand can go in place of gravel.
Be aware that not all gravel is inert (still). For example, coral, seashells, dolomite, and limestone will leach carbonates into the fish tank, raising its pH buffering capacity.
This is usually desirable when keeping African cichlids. But in most cases, you may not want your gravel to affect the water chemistry. As a quick test, drip acid example vinegar into the gravel in question.
If it becomes foamy or bubbles, it means that the gravel is going to leach carbonates into the water.
To be entirely sure, you can fill a bucket of gravel with water and measure the pH over at least one week. If the pH remains stable, it should be safe to use in the fish tank.
Gravels, when used for the first time, should be washed thoroughly. To do this, rinse clean water through it until the water comes out clear tap water is preferable.
For instance, put the gravel in a bucket of water, fill it with clean water, and churn the gravel up. Drain the water and repeat the procedure until the water remains clear.
Before using gravel of unknown origin not purchased from a fish store, you may need to boil it for about 15 minutes to kill unwanted bacteria and microbes.
Decorations: When it comes to the decorations, it is essential to ensure that the type of decorations are suitable and safe for your set up as well as the fish species you are looking to keep.
Compulsory Tropical Fish Tank Equipment
Tropical fish tank
Tropical fish tanks may need more sophisticated equipment than cold water tanks. When this type of aquarium is maintained, ensure your aquarium adequately fitted and installed and placed on a sturdy and robust stand or cabinet.
At least a 20-gallon fish tank is recommended for beginners, as this size is more comfortable to set up than smaller fish tanks, and you can also add more fish later, this tank size is beneficial for smaller fish. Use 1 inch of fish per gallon of water rule.
As a beginner, you must ensure that all electrical devices you buy have a drip loop. Using these means that water, if any, flows on the surface because it is opposed to running directly through electrical sockets can prove dangerous.
Aquarium Filtration system is essential as it works to ensure that the ecosystem in which your fish life is not only reasonable but stable.
You will not be able to feed and sustain your tropical or marine fish without a sound filtration system.
Some of the benefits of purchasing a starter fish tank kit are that it comes complete with its filtering system, meaning you won’t have to buy any additional equipment to set up your new tropical tank.
Marine LED light
Aquarium Lighting is often essential to promote the growth of plants and to give you a clear vision. Therefore, proper and appropriate lighting will bring out the vivid colors of your species of fish.
Tank heaters are used to maintain the appropriate water temperature and are a critical part of the equipment used in any form of tropical fish aquarium.
Poor conditions in the water will lead the fish to die because they cannot control their body temperature.
As well as the radiator, you can use a separate thermometer in your tank to ensure that the water is still at the correct temperature. For tropical fish, it’s generally considered to be 72-84o F/22-29o C.
Substrate applies to all types of gravel and decoration used in your new tropical fish tank.
Gravel should be small enough to allow the growth of nitrifying bacteria (in the nitrogen cycle) that are micro-organisms that convert ammonia to nitrates used by plants.
Live plants are essential to your new tank because they help to eliminate toxic nitrates and phosphates that allow the growth of algae in the water.
They use photosynthesis to convert carbon dioxide to carbon for plant fertilizer and oxygen that is essential to fish.
Biomature Filter Starter
Biomature aquarium filter starter is a crucial component of the package to help you activate the aquarium filter.
It provides a combination of bacterial nutrients, vitamins, and mineral salts for the gradual maturation of the bacterial filter necessary for a stable aquarium tank.
Aquarium Water Testing Kit
The Aquarium Water Testing Kit is a must-have for your new hobby. It will allow you to test the aquarium water before adding your fresh fish-(After the nitrogen cycle is over).
The test kit will alert you to unsafe water conditions that will help save your new fishy mates.
The test kit consists of various chemicals when applied to the aquarium water, which will decide whether the water is harmful.
The levels of PH, nitrate, nitrite, and ammonia tested, giving you confidence when you add your new fish safely to the fish tank.
Tropical Fish Tanks Cleaning Material
These cleaning materials should help you clean your new tank before you start adding live plants, rocks, water, and fish.
They will assist with the ongoing repair and care of the tank and its fish, too! A clean container is a good tank.
Aquarium Algae Scraper
Algae Scraper is a magnetic system that helps you quickly clear algae from the glass within the tank without washing your hands.
It’s a beneficial tool for holding your fish aquarium. It helps keep your glass clean and shiny so you can get a better view.
A 5-gallon bucket-Vital is used for emptying aquarium water and for rinsing fresh filter media in used aquarium water to encourage healthy bacterial production.
Fishnet devices are useful, particularly in the extraction of excess food, dead plant matter, and fish movement if necessary.
Water Siphon is probably the most essential cleaning tool you’re going to use. Use this to remove fish feces and contaminants from the gravel to help keep the fish clean. This method minimizes all nitrates and tension on the fish organisms.
Sponge Filter Media
Sponge filter media can be immersed in used aquarium water (during aquarium cleaning) to encourage healthy bacteria.
Old bath towels
Helps to keep the environment surrounding your tank dry and tidy.
Ensure you use the right pieces of equipment and at the right time for your fish. So can enjoy keeping your fish and make your fish happy too.