Choose an aquarium tank with at most care. It comes in many shapes and sizes! And they can be ordered or bought to suit just about any type of fish or small sea life.
To choose an aquarium tank for aquascaping we must be aware of a couple of things like Surface Area, Decorative aquariums, Special aquariums, Water Heaters & Thermometers Gravel, and much more. Different aquariums will need different maintenance and different time commitments.
But it’s important to remember that all aquariums or fish tanks contain living beings. So it is always responsive and you need to take that responsibility seriously. First of all, let’s review what type of Aquariums there are if you are looking at the surface area.
For a long time, aquarists have been using guidelines that link the size of the fish to the volume of the tank. The most popular way to choose an aquarium size is one inch of fish per gallon of water. This only takes adult fish into account and does not include the tail.
The surface area is of the utmost importance and cannot be overlooked since it directly impacts the effectiveness at which water can carry oxygen and carbon dioxide which is vital for your tank.
Regular tanks make the bulk of the pieces you will find at local pet stores. You can find standard round fishbowls or hexagonal aquariums. Both of these can make you feel like they would look good on that end table or cupboard you saw earlier.
Always keep in mind that the surface area is a lot more critical to the fish than what shape it is. Even more than decorations they have, or even how good of a view they have.
Long tanks tend to be much more shallow compared to show tanks but perform well do great in terms of surface area.
They will provide you with nice viewing areas exactly like show tanks, but they will require more space to set up. Smaller and faster banks of fish are well suited for long tanks.
Show tanks are comparable to those you would find in a TV show. They are generally tall and narrow. They offer a large window by which you can observe the fish but come up short in regards to the surface area.
Unless specifically designed to handle several fishes, show tanks won’t be able to support more than small fish groups. You now have better knowledge about what tanks you can find out there.
We will now review some different types of aquariums. After you’ve read this, you will be able to choose an aquarium tank as you know what your desired goal is.
Decorative aquarium tanks
It is a real underwater lawn with different kinds of fish and plants. In this type of design, natural stone is used to make an awesome scene of underwater space. Stones that have a smoothed out shape such as mountain river rocks are very suitable.
The fish and plants living in this aquarium must come from the same parts of the world. It is recommended to use adhesive foil in the underwater decoration. For greater realism, try using stumps, seashells, hollow ceramics and imitating stones to decorate the underwater interior with.
This aquarium type does not have a glass cover. In this case, lighting bulbs are suspended at a medium distance above the water surface that allows plants to grow.
This aquarium type is inhabited by fish of certain groups. It represents one family such as characins, cichlids, etc.
It is a sort of copy of a natural environment. This aquarium is occupied by fish only in a specific place with algae that can grow there as well.
General (mixed) Aquarium
In this aquarium type, a variety of fish species and plants are kept together. Its main goal is beauty. This is the most commonly found type of aquarium.
It is ideal for keeping fish of one species or closely related species. It serves, primarily, to observe their relationships, behaviors, and reproduction.
Growing up in an Aquarium
It is designed to grow a large number of fry fish. The optimal size of this type of aquarium is 150x45x60 cm. In this type of aquarium. The fry transfers from an incubator aquarium at the age of 2-3 weeks. This aquarium must have both an aeration and a filtration system.
The Spawning Aquarium
It is designed to breed the fish. It is always constructed with all-glass. Because when water contacts the metal and putty. The spawning fish and its eggs negatively affect the substances. This type of aquarium type is designed exclusively for spawning fish.
The use of that aquarium is to support and maintain eggs. As well as fish larvae, and further development. This is a small, up to 25 liters glass aquarium. It should have the same water settings as in the spawning aquarium. To make water pure, methylene blue is mixed at the rate of 1-5 mg/litre of water.
Quarantine and treatment aquarium
This type of aquarium is built only with glass. without soil and plants. The filtering of the system is essential here. It serves exclusively for quarantine of fish and the treatment of diseased fish.
Aquariums usually need a variety of accessories such as filters, lights, and heaters. They will also need systems to measure water quality and Ph levels. Your tank’s size and the type of fish you choose will determine which accessories you will require for your aquarium.
Heaters for aquarium tanks
There are two main heater types. Submersible heaters can stay completely below the water. A second, more classical style, has a partially submerged glass tube. But leaves the controls above the water. Submersible heaters are a better design.
They can be ordered horizontally along the tank’s bottom. This helps keep the tank temperature uniform. It also prevents the heater from being exposed when partially changing the water. With the classic design, you must remember to unplug the device before changing the water.
If the heater is left on while the coil is above the water, The tube will get hot and may crack when you fill the tank back up with water.
Thermometers for aquarium tanks
A thermometer will be required to verify that your tank stays at the correct temperature. Two types are available. The most common is a classic bulb thermometer. It works the same way as the ones you can use for your home.
They either hang from the top of your tank or float along the water’s surface. The second common design is a flat device that sticks outside of the glass.
Filters for aquarium tanks
There are three different types of filtration that are used in aquarium tanks more often. They are Biological, mechanical, and chemical.
Biological filtration decays the toxic ammonia that fish produce as waste products. All fish tanks must have biological filtration as they are most efficient and cheaper. They will play a vital role to get rid of toxic ammonia.
Mechanical filtration traps particles such as plant leaves or uneaten food, allowing them to be removed from the tank before they turn into ammonia. Chemical filtration can remove substances like ammonia, heavy metals, dissolved organics, etc.
Chemical filtration is mostly useful to deal with short-term problems. As well as removing medications after they’ve served their purpose. You can also purify the water before it putting it into the tank. A healthy aquarium does not require the use of chemical filters such as activated carbon.
Gravel for aquarium tanks
Gravel serves three main purposes.
- It can serve as decoration, making your tank look nicer.
- If using an under gravel filter (UGF), gravel is mandatory as it is the filter media.
- In planted aquarium tanks, it is serving as a “substrate” (soil) for plant roots.
Ultimately, the choice of color, size, etc. is up to you. However, be aware that dark gravel better highlights a fish’s colors. Fish adjust their colors to match that of the surroundings, and light gravel tends to wash out a fish’s true colors.
Cold or Warm Water
There are many differences between cold water and tropical water fish and you must account for these differences when choosing the correct size for your aquarium.
This being said, to rectify the previous advice we could recommend a reliable guideline to follow is to allow 20 to 25 square inches for each inch of adult fish. The surface area per inch of adult fish (still not including the tail in the measurement).
For tropical fish is between 25 to 30 square inches of surface area is required. As far as for each inch of cold-water fish since they generally possess higher body weight and will need more oxygen.